Residential drainage systems are installed to move excess water away from the foundation of the home. Gutters, low walkways, and creek beds can all be reasons for considering a drainage system for your property. Water can also get into the crawlspace and cause more problems inside of your home. It is important to contact a professional when installing a drainage system. Without installing a drainage system, the home is at risk for foundational damage. Premature sliding and erosion of the home can occur if unattended. Four drainage systems exist for residential properties.
Surface Drainage System
Surface draining is done on the surface of the yard where ditches are placed. Ditches must be arranged in a parallel pattern to be effective. The ditches act as waterways for run-off water around the home. Flooding can occur if the ditches are not arranged in the correct order. Surface drains are necessary for low-lying land areas. Large amounts of precipitation can damage land. Surface drains can be installed around roads, sidewalks, buildings, or driveways to redirect water away from the foundation of the home.
Subsurface Drainage System
This type of drainage system is located beneath the top layer of soil on your property. The subsurface drainage system removes additional water from soil that has become flooded at the root level. If the water spreads to other areas, any trees or surrounding plants risk death if the water is not properly removed. This method requires deep digging of underground trenches that should be done by a professional. Piping is installed underground as well as trench digging. The subsurface drainage system can cause disruptions in the soil and affect plant respiration. It is important to consider all types of drainage systems that are available for your residential property.
Slope Drainage System
A drainage system with a slope redirects water naturally on an incline. The piping can be concrete, plastic, or steel. The tubing is installed on the side of an incline and redirects water away from the property. The tubing should have protection surrounding it so it does not harm any humans or animals. As always, a trusted professional should install this type of drainage system. The slope drainage system may only be considered where there is a steep incline. Other types of drainage systems should be considered for the type of residential property that you own.
Downspout and Gutter System
Gutter systems and downspouts are crucial components of the home which guide water away from the roof. They are also required for every home. Over time, water erodes the foundation of the home, and it is important to redirect water away from the foundation and roof whenever possible. Water collects on the roof of any home after a period of heavy rainfall. If not attended, premature sliding, erosion of landscape, and flooding of the basement or crawlspace can occur. Mildew and structural damage can also occur after negligence to this part of maintaining a home. Be sure to consult with a trusted professional when installing any type of drainage system for your residential property.